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Tech Tips, Tricks & Trivia

by 'Anil' Radhakrishna
An architect's notes, experiments, discoveries and annotated bookmarks.

Search from over a hundred HOW TO articles, Tips and Tricks


AWS vs Azure Services

Update [2/Sep/2016]: Glad that Azure documentation has a comprehensive mapping of AWS-Azure terms

AWS servicePlain English definitionAzure equivalent Description
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud / EC2 Host the bits of things you think of as a computer
A web service that enables you to launch and manage Linux/UNIX and Windows server instances in Amazon’s data centers.
Virtual Machines (VMs) Provision Windows and Linux Virtual Machines and applications in minutes
Identity and Access Management (IAM) Setup additional users, setup new AWS Keys and policies
A web service that enables Amazon Web Services customers to manage users and user permissions within AWS.
Azure Active Directory  Synchronize on-premises directories and enable single sign-on
Amazon Simple Storage Service / S3 Store images and other assets for websites. Keep backups and share files between services. Host static websites. Also, many of the other AWS services write and read from S3.
Storage for the internet. You can use it to store and retrieve any amount of data at any time, from anywhere on the web.
Azure Blob Storage Durable, highly available and massively scalable cloud storage
Virtual private cloud / VPC Overcome objections that “all our stuff is on the Internet!” by adding an additional layer of security. Makes it appears as if all of your AWS services are on the same little network instead of being small pieces in a much bigger network
An elastic network populated by infrastructure, platform, and application services that share common security and interconnection.
Azure Virtual Private Network (VPN) Your private network in the cloud
API Gateway Proxy your apps API through this so you can throttle bad client traffic, test new versions, and present methods more cleanly. API Management  Publish APIs to developers, partners and employees securely and at scale
Amazon Relational Database Service / RDS Be your app’s Mysql, Postgres, Oracle database
A web service that makes it easier to set up, operate, and scale a relational database in the cloud. It provides cost­ efficient, resizable capacity for an industry­ standard relational database and manages common database administration tasks.
SQL Database Managed Relational SQL Database-as-a-service
Route53 Buy a new domain, setup the DNS records for that domain
A web service you can use to create a new DNS service or to migrate your existing DNS service to the cloud.
DNS  Host your DNS domain in Azure
Amazon Simple Email Service / SES Send one off emails like password resets, notifications, etc. You could use it send Newsletter if you wrote all the code, but that’s not a great idea.
An easy­ to ­use, cost ­effective email solution for applications.
Cloudfront Make your websites load faster by spreading out static file delivery to be closer to where your users are.
An AWS content delivery service that helps you improve the performance, reliability, and availability of your websites and applications.
CDN Deliver content to end-users through a robust network of global data centers
CloudSearch Pull in data on S3 or in RDS and and then search it for every instance of ‘Jimmy’
A fully ­managed service in the AWS cloud that makes it easy to set up, manage, and scale a search solution for your website or application
Azure Search Fully-managed search-as-a-service
DynamoDB Be your app’s MongoDB DocumentDB NoSQL database for JSON documents optimized for frequent writes
Elasticache Be your app’s Memcached or Redis Redis Cache High throughput, low latency data access to build fast and scalable applications
Elastic Transcoder
Cognitor
Deal with video weirdness (change formats, compress, etc.) Media Services Encode, store, and stream video and audio at scale
Lambda Run little self contained snippets of JS to do discrete tasks. Sort of a combination of a queue and execution in one. Currently mostly used for storing and then executing changes to your AWS setup. Also, you can put it behind the API Gateway and expose it that way.
Simple Queue Service (SQS) Store data for future processing in a queue. The lingo for this is storing “messages” but it doesn’t have anything to do with email or SMS. SQS doesn’t have any logic it’s just a place to put things and take things out. Azure Queue
Cognito Give end users - (non AWS) - the ability to log in with Google, Facebook, etc.
Device Farm Test your app on a bunch of different IOS and Android devices simultaneously
Mobile Analytics Track what people are doing inside of your app
Simple Notification Service (SNS) Send mobile notifications, emails and/or SMS messages Notification Hubs  Scalable, cross-platform push notification infrastructure
CodeCommit Version control your code - hosted Git Visual Studio Online Visual Studio Online offers:
- hosted source control system - Team Foundation Service, Git
- load testing service
- support for agile development with features like continuous integration builds, Kanban boards and virtual team rooms.
Code Deploy Get your code from your CodeCommit repo (or Github) onto a bunch of EC2 instances in a sane way
CodePipeline Run automated test on your code and then do stuff with it depending on if it passes those tests
EC2 Container Service Put a Dockerfile into an EC2 instance so you can run a website
Elastic Beanstalk Move your app hosted on Heroku to AWS when it gets too expensive
AppStream Put a copy of a Windows application on a windows machine that people get remote access to. RemoteApp Deploy Windows client apps in the cloud, run on any device
Direct Connect Pay your Telco + AWS to get a dedicated leased line from your data center or network to AWS. Cheaper than Internet out for Data. ExpressRoute Dedicated private network fiber connections to Azure
Directory Service Tie together other apps that need a Microsoft Active Directory to control them Azure AD Domain Services Your domain controller as a service
WorkDocs Share Word Docs with your colleagues
WorkMail Give everyone in your company the same email system and calendar
Workspaces Gives you a standard windows desktop that you’re remotely controlling
Service Catalog Give other AWS users in your group access to preset apps you’ve built so they don’t have to read guides like this.
Storage Gateway Stop buying more storage to keep word docs on. Make automating getting files into S3 from your corporate network easier StorSimple Enterprise hybrid cloud storage solution that provides primary storage, backup, archive, integrated data protection, and location-independent disaster recovery
Data Pipeline Extract, Transform and Load data from elsewhere in AWS. Schedule when it happens and get alerts when they fail Data Factory Orchestrate and manage data transformation and movement
Elastic Map Reduce Iterate over massive text files of raw data that you’re keeping in S3
A web service that makes it easy to process large amounts of data efficiently. Amazon EMR uses Hadoop processing combined with several AWS products to do such tasks as web indexing, data mining, log file analysis, machine learning, scientific simulation, and data warehousing.
HDInsight Provision managed Hadoop clusters
Glacier Make backups of your backups that you keep on S3. Also, beware the costs of getting data back out in a hurry. For long term archiving Backup Simple and reliable server backup to the cloud
Kinesis Ingest lots of data very quickly (For things like analytics or people retweeting Kanye) that you then later use other AWS services to analyze Events Hub Receive telemetry from millions of devices
RedShift Store a whole bunch of analytics data, do some processing and dump it out SQL Data Warehouse  Elastic data warehouse-as-a-service with enterprise-class features
Machine Learning Predict future behavior from existing data for problems like fraud detection or “people that bought x also bought y” Azure Machine Learning Powerful cloud-based predictive analytics
SWF Build a service of “deciders” and “workers” on top of EC2 to accomplish a set task. Unlike SQS - logic is setup inside the service to determine how and what should happen
CloudFormation Build a service of “deciders” and “workers” on top of EC2 to accomplish a set task. Unlike SQS - logic is setup inside the service to determine how and what should happen
A service for writing or changing templates that create and delete related AWS resources together as a unit. 
CloudTrail Log who is doing what in your AWS stack (API calls)
CloudWatch Get alerts about AWS services messing up or disconnecting
A web service that enables you to monitor and manage various metrics, and configure alarm actions based on data from those metrics.
 Azure Audit Logs Includes all the provisioning actions performed in the Azure Resource Manager in addition to other actions related to managing Azure resources (ex. Alerts, AutoScaling, deployments etc).
Config Keep from going insane if you have a large AWS setup and changes are happening that you want to track.
OpsWorks Handle running your application with things like auto-scaling
Trusted Advisor Find out where you’re paying too much in your AWS setup (unused EC2 instances, etc.)
Amazon Elastic File System Managed service to easily set up and scale shared file storage Share files between applications running in your virtual machines using familiar Windows APIs or file REST API. Azure Files a shared file system that supports the standard SMB 2.1 protocol.
Elastic Block Store (EBS) SSD-based storage Azure Premium Storage High-performance, low-latency disk support for virtual machines running I/O-intensive workloads
Directory Services

Identity and Access Management

Key Management Service (KMS)
Authentication and authorization Azure Active Directory

Multi-Factor Authentication

Key Vault
CloudFormation enables declarative provisioning of AWS cloud resources Azure Resource Manager (ARM) JSON Template to specify cloud resource definitions in a JSON file so that infrastructure can be deployed as code
Cloud HSM Compliance Azure Trust Center
AWS GovCloud Government Services Azure Government

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